## What is a Mole?

A Mole (abbreviated to "mol") is a unit of quantity. The definition is:

The weight of each gas in a volume of 22.415 litres (at 0°C and 1,013 bar) is equal to the relative mass of one molecule of this gas.

Example: 1 mol Helium = 22.415 litre has a weight of 4 gm.

Units of quantity can be expressed in different units:

Volume V

Mass M

Number of particles N

Amount of substance n

if it is a gas: "p·V - Value" p·V

[V]

[M]

[N]

[n]

[p·V]

m

^{3}, l, cm^{3}kg, g

1

kmol, mol

Pa·m

^{3}= N·m, mbar·lThe characterisation of an amount of gas as p x V-value is mostly used in vacuum technology.